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| Feb 17, 2014
Written By Peter Van de Vliet, Ph.D.
Dr. Peter Van de Vliet is the Medical & Scientific Director, International Paralympic Committee (IPC). He holds a PhD in Physiotherapy and Motor Rehabilitation from Leuven University (Belgium) and held a post-doctoral research position in Adapted Physical Activity at that university prior to moving to Bonn, Germany, for the actual position as IPC Medical & Scientific Director. The portfolio includes the coordination of anti-doping and medical services, classification, and sports science developments in the Paralympic Movement. Dr. Van de Vliet has (co-)authored several scientific publications and book chapters on the subject, and coordinates the relationships with internationally leading research bodies in the respective areas.
Equipment rules are becoming more prominent in the Paralympic Movement. As a result, the International Paralympic Committee’s (IPC) Sports Science Committee recently held a scientific forum to exchange current information, research, and expertise that focused entirely on equipment and technology in Paralympic Sports. This conference, “VISTA 2013”, was held May 1-4 last year at the Gustav-Stresemann Institute in Bonn, Germany. The conference program describes the complex issues that the IPC must address in determining what equipment may or may not be approved for use by competing Paralympic athletes. What are the implications of a technology for competitive fairness? Is the device a necessity that enables the individual to participate or might it enhance performance in some manner? Does it represent a ‘grass roots’ approach that could be broadly applied by low-income countries or is it a high-tech, individualized application that only athletes from selected countries might be able to access?
Equipment rules are a sport-specific subject. To effectively address those details in this brief commentary would require that experts from each sport present specific and detailed responses. Rather, it is better here to avoid such a case-by-case discussion, and instead draw your attention to the IPC Equipment Policy. This policy is part of the IPC Handbook (see Section 2, Chapter 3.10), to which all members of the Paralympic Movement (sports and athletes) must to adhere.
In brief, this policy states that all adaptive equipment used in a Paralympic sport must be in compliance with four main principles:
- Safety: all equipment must be safe for the athlete, any opponent, and may not cause irreversible damage to the field of play;
- Fairness: sport rules must detail the provisions of all equipment in terms of dimensions, weight, and use of material;
- Universality: prototype equipment is not allowed, and costs must be 'under control' to avoid that access to equipment becomes a matter of exclusivity. For this reason, the IPC also actively engages in the development of low cost equipment (for examples, see the website motivation.uk);
- Physical Prowess: equipment may not be steered by machine, computer or robot.
For further information on this topic, I highly recommend the following journal article by Brendan Burkett, PhD, from the University of the Sunshine Coast (Australia): Paralympic Sports Medicine—Current Evidence in Winter Sport: Considerations in the Development of Equipment Standards for Paralympic Athletes
. Professor Burkett is a member of the IPC Sports Science Committee.