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The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

William Kitchiner

Kitchiner, William M.D., The Art of Invigorating and Prolonging Life, London, Hurst, Robinson, and Co., 1824.

Definition Objective

Drives the circulation through the capillary vessels, by which the constitution is preserved from obstructions, appetite increases, digestion is improved in all its stages, the due distribution of nourishment, invigorates the nervous system, gives firmness and elasticity to the muscles and vigor to every part of the system.

Kitchiner, 137.

Frequency Type / Mode 

For training — take as much exercise as you can, in open air, without fatigue.

Daily, to the borders of fatigue without surpassing them.

Kitchiner, 7, 139.

In addition to usual (undefined) exercise, those in training should also employ themselves in the intervals of every kind of exertion which tends to activity, such as cricket, bowls, throwing quoits.

Kitchiner,  7.

Duration Time of Day  Intensity

For training — take as much exercise as you can in open air, without fatigue.

Kitchiner, 7.

Training schedule for a given day — exercise before breakfast, between 11 & Noon, after lunch take exercise or amusement as much as is convenient in the open air again, till past 4, then if convenient, at 7 take exercise and amusement again.

Kitchiner, 21-25.

For exercise to exert its fullest effect, it must be continued till we feel a sensible degree of perspiration.

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