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The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

"Craven" (ed.)

”Craven” ed., Walker’s Manly Exercises and Rural Sport, London: H. G. Bohn, 1855.

Definition Objective

Strengthen the muscular system; Active exercise causes the exercising member to swell with more frequent and copious flowing of blood, heat is developed with greater abundance & active exercise also contributes to beauty of form.  Exercises inspire confidence in difficult situations & suggest resources in danger.  Health, vigor & activity chiefly depend on exercise & regimen, also proves effectual in curing obstinate diseases such as bilious complaints, obesity, gout & rheumatism.

“Craven”, 1, 2, 4, 9.

Frequency Type / Mode 

Walking, running, leaping, vaulting, pole-leaping, balancing, skating, carrying, climbing, swimming, throwing the discus, extension motions, indian club exercises, carrying weight, rowing, sailing, riding, racing, hunting, shooting.

“Craven”, 1 and table of contents.

Duration Time of Day  Intensity

Best time for exercise is when air is cool and never immediately following a meal.

“Craven”, 9.

Exercise should begin gently & terminate the same.

“Craven”, 9.

© Copyright American College of Sports Medicine

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