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The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

O.S. Fowler

Fowler, O. S., Physiology, Animal and Mental: Applied to the Preservation and Restoration of Health of Body, and Power of Mind, 26th ed., New York: Fowler and Wells, 1847.

Definition Objective

Exercise promotes digestion, circulation, respiration, perspiration & sleep.  By enhancing respiration, exercise augments the amount of oxygen & carbon consumed, indeed of all the materials derived from food and breath & also greatly increases the expulsion of all noxious matter from the system in the form of phlegm, perspiration, and respiration.  Labor quickens the actions of the bowels & the digestive process generally.  Labor enhances & augments life & all its pleasures & powers. Muscular action promotes every function & power, mental and physical.

Fowler, 230-1.

Frequency Type / Mode 

Labor, work, dancing

Fowler, 242.

Duration Time of Day  Intensity

2-6 hours, 4 hours of brisk labor

Fowler, 236, 240.


Work hard

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