Galen (129-210 A.D.)
Galen, De Sanitate Tuenda, trans. by Robert Montraville Green, Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 1951. |
Galen, Galen: Selected Works, trans. P. N. Singer (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997).
|Definition ||Objective |
|Movement that changes respiration, best exercises are those that not only exert the body but also delight the soul. || |
Evacuation of the excrements & good condition of the firm parts of the body — hardness of the organs from mutual attrition, increase of the intrinsic warmth, and accelerated movement of respiration, readier metabolism, better nutrition & diffusion of all substances, solids are softened, liquids diluted and ducts dilated. Benefits of exercises with small ball--accessibility, most sufficient, and exercises the entire body.
Galen, de sanitate tuenda, 53-54; Selected Works, 299.
|Frequency ||Type / Mode |
|Daily || |
Wrestling, pancratium, boxing, running, pitylism, ecplethrism, shadow-fighting, acrocheirism, leaping, discus-throwing, exercising the body with the corycus and with a ball, pulling ropes, work— such as digging, rowing, ploughing, pruning, burden-bearing, reaping, riding, fighting, walking, hunting, fishing and other things practiced for a living.
Galen, de sanitate tuenda, 79; Selected Works, 59, 92, 299-304.
|Duration ||Time of Day ||Intensity |
Determined by own nature or trainer will stop exercise if observes any of these signs:
1) body takes on swelling,
2) flush prevails,
3) motions become ready, even and rhythmical, or
4) observe perspiration, mixed with warm vapor, exercise should cease as soon as the body begins to suffer.
Galen, de sanitate tuenda, 77, 93-94; Selected Works, 376.
Determined by own nature