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The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

Edward Hitchcock

Hitchcock, Edward, Dyspepsy Forestalled and Resisted: or Lectures on Diet, Regimen and Employment, Amherst: J. S. & C. Adams, 1831.

Definition Objective

For use in the case of dyspepsy.

Hitchcock, 204.

Frequency Type / Mode 

Persevering, systematic, regular, daily.

Hitchcock, 204, 206.

Riding, walking abroad, swing a chair or other weight a hundred times, gardening, herborizing, It is recommended that some interesting object of pursuit, or at least, harmless diversion, be associated with our exercise. Gymnastics, mechanical arts, flesh brush, exercise of the voice.

Hitchcock, 206-7, 212, 227-230.

Duration Time of Day  Intensity

For literary and sedentary men— several hours each day should be devoted to exercise in the open air. 2hrs/day is necessary for the preservation of health but 3-4hrs/day split in several sessions is preferred.

Hitchcock, 211-12.

Between prayers and breakfast, after the first recitation, & after the evening study period. Or.. Exercise before breakfast, immediately after the forenoon recitation & after tea in the evening. Exercise should precede, rather than follow, meals.  The best time for exercise is a few hours after eating.

Hitchcock, 214-6, 218.

Exercise should be neither violent or excessive, one should begin moderately, not carrying exercise so far as to produce extreme fatigue & exhaustion, but one should continue until they feel fatigue in a moderate degree.

Hitchcock, 208-9.

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