Advancing health through science, education and medicine

The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

Dio Lewis

Lewis, Dio, Weak Lungs, and How to Make them Strong, Boston: James R. Osgood and Company, 1871.

Lewis, Dio, The New Gymnastics for Men, Women and Children, New York: Clarke Brothers, 1883.

Definition Objective

Use of exercise for the cure/treatment of consumption.

Advantages of new system: uses every muscle, ensures all-sided development, exercises changed from one set of muscles to another, thus avoiding weariness & undue disturbance of circulation, ensures a completeness & grace, subordinated to personal or individual wants, purpose of all muscle training is to perfect intermarriage b/t nerve & muscle; this system compels the most complete interaction b/t soul & body, uses apparatus that can’t strain & stiffen the muscles, social life-both sexes & all ages, both sexes unite in all exercises and music.

Lewis, New Gymnastics, 7-9.

Frequency Type / Mode 

In education, alternate study & physical exercise in periods no longer than half an hour throughout the day.

Lewis, Weak Lungs, 233.

Riding horseback, hunting, fishing, & Mountain air, walking, gardening, the ball games.

Lewis, Weak Lungs, 246.

Duration Time of Day  Intensity


Need for individual prescription of exercise; need to consider which muscles are defective & what exercises are required to bring them into order.

Moderation in exercise

Lewis, Weak Lungs, 249 and New Gymnastics, 235.

© Copyright American College of Sports Medicine

Featured Publication

 This flagship title of ACSM has been updated and reorganized to provide you with the most relevant information that is necessary for effective study and practice, including the new pre-exercise health screening recommendations…

» Read More