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The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

Hartvig Nissen

Nissen, Hartvig, Practical Massage and Corrective Exercises with Applied Anatomy, Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Co, 1929.   (Orig. 1889)

Definition Objective

Secure removal of lymph, exudations, extravasations, increased circulation by stimulating the muscular and nervous systems, causing molecular changes, changes in sensation and changes in the nutritive functions.

General effects: increases circulation, respiration & temp., improved digestion, absorption & nutrition & facilitates excretion.  Muscles become developed, the bones & the whole human frame better proportion.  The appetite is increased, sleep is facilitated, brain acts more vigorously & is freed from psychical depression, relieves pain & removes congestion.

Nissen, 30, 32.

Frequency Type / Mode 

Frequency dependent on the patient, the weaker patient, the more often: 1-2x/day

Nissen, 30, 32.

Duration Time of Day  Intensity



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