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The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

Bernardino Ramazzini

Ramazzini, Bernardino MD, De Morbis Articum or Diseases of Workers, trans. Wilmer Cave Wright, Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1940.

Definition Objective

Movement of the body keeps the blood from being tainted & dislodges waste matter from the skin. The joints are strengthened by movement and running, not so the lungs

Ramazzini, 283, 301.

Frequency Type / Mode 


Ramazzini, 401.

Running, speaking, singing, hunting.

Ramazzini, 295, 329, 471.

Duration Time of Day  Intensity


Ramazzini, 401.

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